ISSUE NO. 230                      Edited by Liz Holliday                       MAY 1990


 Tuesday, 8 May ANNUAL GENERAL MEETING 8.00pm for 8.15pm at Hendon Library. Business meeting followed by slides of cur Whetstone dig. (If any members have slides of other HADAS activities during the past year, please bring them to be shown - time permitting).


Sunday, 20 May QUAINTON. Details and booking form with this Newsletter.


 Saturday, 21 July HARLOW MUSEUM (Finds from the Temple of Minerva-subject of February's lecture) and CRESSING TEMPLE, BRAINTREE (Knights Hospitallers).

 Friday, 31 August - Sunday, 2 September SHROPSHIRE WEEKEND. Wall, Ironbridge, Shrewsbury, Wroxeter etc.

Enquiries, advance booking and further details about all summer outings should be made to Dorothy Newbury on 203 0950.

 MINIMART 1990 Saturday, 6 October

 OPPORTUNITIES AND CHALLENGES TO START THE 90s Report by Brian Wrigley and Victor Jones

The Excavation Working Party has not met for over twelve months - its members being for too busy excavating.  When the digging behind The Mitre, Chipping Barnet finished, it was high time to consider excavation and fieldwork activities for the coming summer. A number of interesting and challenging projects emerged, some f which are being overtaken by events as you read this.

THE THREE VALLEYS WATER RELIEF PIPE PROJECT is due to start at the end of April. This involves cutting an 18 metre wide strip, 9 inches deep from Brockley Hill to Arkley, crossing archaeologically interesting areas in the north-west of the Borough. The route has been changed slightly from that previously suggested, so it is important to take advantage of this opportunity. We are hoping to organise site-watching

f the turf-stripping and any excavations in the area. This will need plenty of person-power, particularly of any members who can be available during the working week. If you would like to take part in this unusual site-watching and field walking project, please let Brian Wrigley (.959 5982) or Victor Jones (458 6180) know as soon as possible.

 19-25 HIGH STREET, CHIPPING BARNET adjoins the old route of the Great North Road, before Barnet Hill was engineered in the early 19th Century. This site may well reveal some evidence of medieval occupation. We already have permission from the helpful developer, who also offers us, at very reasonable cost, the services of his JCB and driver for the initial stripping. Andrew Simpson, Arthur Till and Brian Wrigley will be organising the dig - so please let one of them know if you would like to take part. Experience is not essential as we have decided to treat every HADAS dig as a training dig where new members can gain experience alongside more seasoned veterans. If there is enough support, sessions of recording, drawing, levelling and find-processing will be arranged. Please get in touch with Andrew (9 Cranfield Drive, NW9 - 205 6456), Arthur (55 Brunswick Avenue, N11 - 368 6288) or Brian (21 Woodcroft Avenue, NW7 - 959 5982).

 CHURCH FARM, EAST BARNET. John Heathfield has kindly offered to take charge of a further dig on this site, in conjunction with British Heritage and Barnet Local History Society and with the agreement of the Borough, who own the site. Such is John's enthusiasm, that by the time you read this, the exploratory trenches will, we believe, have been completed over the Easter• week-end! A further report will appear in due course.

 Finally, the very welcome news that restoration of the WHETSTONE TUDOR HALL (last year's major dig at 1264 High Road, N20). has been approved and will go ahead in the late summer We have been asked to return to complete our project in the house and dig in the courtyard, probably in July.


Members who are aware (and I am sure there are many) that the Borough of Barnet has recently been considering the draft Unitary Development Plan, may have been wondering if HADAS has done anything about this. The answer is - YES. The draft was sent to us, as well as many other bodies, for comment. We returned our submission. which concentrated on the few, short, archaeological references, in January. We did not feel that the draft Plan dealt adequately with either the local interest in the past or the opportunities which redevelopments can offer for investigation. The Museum of London also returned a submission and we supported their suggestion of a discussion between the Museum, the Borough and ourselves.

Neither we, nor the Museum, received any reply (despite two reminders) until AFTER the draft Plan had been finalised by the Planning Committee in April. We never got our discussion.

The Planning Committee accepted the recommendation made to them by their Officers, that both our and the Museum's suggestions be dealt with during the the first review of the Plan (date unspecified).


In the Chair: Vice-President Daphne Lorimer. 51 members attended.

The Chairman welcomed members,

Apologies for absence: Brian Jarman, Ted Sammes, Bill Firth, Margaret Maher.

Minutes of the 27th AGM on 10 May 1988 and of the Special General Meetings of 1 November 1988 and 4 April 1989, which had been circulated in the Newsletter, were approved and signed.

The Annual Report (copy in the Minute Book) was given by the Chairman, Andrew Selkirk, and accepted nem con (proposed Bill Bailey, seconded June Forges).

The Accounts (copy in the Minute Book) were presented by the Hon. Treasurer, Victor Jones, who expressed gratitude for the sum raised by the Minimart. The Accounts were accepted nem con <proposed Isobel McPherson, seconded Alan Lawson).

Election of President: the Chairman, Andrew Selkirk, proposed the election as President of Ralph Merrifield, a distinguished London archaeologist, well-known to HADAS. This was seconded by Sheila Woodward, and passed unanimously.

Vice-Presidents: The following were confirmed in Office: Mrs. Brigid Grafton Green, Miss D.P.Hill. Mr. Brian Jarman, Mrs. Daphne Lorimer Mr.E.Sammes, Mr. Andrew Saunders.

Election of Officers: there being one nomination for each vacancy, the following were declared elected: Chairman: Andrew Selkirk; Vice-Chairman: John Enderby; Hon.Secretary: Brian Wrigley; Hon.Treasurer: Victor Jones.

Election of Committee: there being 11 nominations for 13 vacancies, the following were declared elected: Christine Arnott, Deirdre Barrie Jenny Cobban, Phyllis Fletcher, Alan Lawson, Margaret Maher, Dorothy Newbury, Peter Pickering, Ted Sammes, Jean Snelling, Myfanwy Stewart.

There being no other business, the formal part of the meeting ended at 8.50pm. 

After the formal meeting, talks were presented by members on activities during the past year.


The 29th Annual General. Meeting of the Society will be held at Hendon Library, The Burroughs, NW4 on Tuesday, 8 May 1990 at 8.15pm.

Due notice has been received of a motion to be proposed at this meeting by Percy Reboull

"This Meeting calls upon the Committee to consider changing the name of the organisation to reflect more accurately the scope and geographical boundaries of its activities today."


SUBTERRANEAN BRITANNICA DAY CONFERENCE - 31 MARCH 1990                             Report by Stewart J. Wild

Members will recall the talk on Ice Houses given by Sylvia Beamon at our 1988 AGM meeting. It was as a result of a chat afterwards with Mrs. Beamon that I joined Subterranea Britannica, an organisation of which she is a founder-member.

Subterranea Britannica is concerned with study and research or all aspects of man-made or man-used underground space, a subject which is surprisingly interesting and amazingly wide-ranging. Meetings are held twice a year in Cambridge and/or London, and there are study weekends, international conferences and visits abroad. The 150 or so members also receive regular newsletters.

The day conference on 31 March was held, appropriately enough, at the Royal School of Mines, South Kensington. Illustrated talks were given on a variety of subjects including underground sites in the Middle East; the exploration of medieval water conduits under Bristol; the Bath stone quarries and the problems of underground radio communication. We also heard about the chance discovery only two years ago at Jacob's Well, Bristol, of an underground Mikveh or Jewish ritual bath which dates from around 1100 AD making it the oldest in Europe.

Membership of Subterranea Britannica is £7 per annum; details from the secretary, Barbara Tadd in Redhill on 0737 823456. 

MRS COADE'S STONE by Alison Kelly,M.A. A new hook, reviewed by Ted Sammes

Members who came on the visit to Buckingham on 20 August 1988 may remember walking past a bridge which had on its side a coat of arms and in the corner - COADE SEALEY, LAMBETH 1805.

Eleanor Goode died in 1821 and with her the details of her process for making artificial stone. Examples are to be found in Buckingham Palace, St. George's Chapel, Windsor and the lion which surmounted the brewery on the Festival of Britain site, which is now on the north-east side of Westminster Bridge Examples from over 650 sites and recent work at the British Museum are incorporated in a very detailed book by Alison Kelly. There is only one snag - the price. £48 per copy! 


An appreciation by Ivor Leverton

To paraphrase a popular saying, "beside every outstanding woman is an outstanding man". Without any further clue many would guess I was referring to Brigid, the tower of strength behind HADAS for so many years, and Grafton, the tower of strength beside her. All who visited them will remember the courteous welcome at the door from Grafton, with his somewhat shy smile, which to me remains such a vivid memory.

Visiting them was always a double feast - a banquet from Brigid and a memorable conversation afterwards. No matter bow I prepared subjects in advance, I was always outclassed; Grafton seemed to know so much about everything. I have never known another man with such brilliance of intellect allied to such width of experience.

Where one field at his level would have sufficed for most, Grafton enjoyed four. Basically a journalist, he gained his knowledge of the craft with William Haley at the Manchester Evening News, progressing to be the London editor. The outbreak of war saw him plucked to help the newly-formed Ministry of Information, at first in the press and censorship division. After a year he took over as Overseas Features Editor, feeding material to every friendly and neutral country in the world, With "Britanski Sovuznik" in Russia and "Britain" in the U.S.A. he must have played an important psychological part behind the scenes.

After the war he returned to Journalism as assistant editor of the Daily Graphic, then for eight years as the editor of the Sunday Empire News. He explained his next move, doubtless with modest over-simplification, as the result of a conversation with J.Arthur Rank. He suggested that television had made the old. Pathetone News obsolete, whereupon Rank asked him to do something about it! The result was over 500 editions of the "Look at Life" series together with a longer film "Palaces of a Queen" and the historic film of Churchill's funeral.

Sadly, it was decreed. that all must retire at 65, which seemed to Grafton a quaint, old-fashioned idea, and naturally he looked for another occupation. Soon a door opened marked ELEC (the European League for Economic Co-operation) and as a committed European with friends and contacts everywhere, he was ideally fitted to become Secretary-General of the British section. This involved him in many European journeys and the organisation of many conferences. It was not until well into his 80th year that increasing ill-health made him finally retire. That was the saddest decision he ever had to take.

"His life was gentle, and the elements so mixed in him that

Nature might stand up and say to all the world 'this was a man'"

A great man, but most of all, a loved and loving husband and father, proud of his dozen grandchildren. We are proud to have known him.


Exhibition news from Gerrard Roots

Women Artists in Wartime (ends on 7 May). Pictures from both World Wars by male artists such as Rothenstein, Nash, Bawden and Moore are very well known. This exhibition offers a rare opportunity to perceive both conflicts through the eyes of seventeen very different women artists. Also on show (until 14 May), is Back Them Up!, a small display of World War II posters borrowed from the RAF Museum and a selection of militaria and other wartime material from Church Farm's own collection.

Twenty pictures from the Archives collection, shown earlier this year in the exhibition Picturesque Hendon and depicting the area around St.Mary's Church from 1790s to the 1930s, will be on display at the Museum until the late summer.

The Archives and Museum have organised a small display of World War II woodcuts by two Hendon artists.These fine works will be on show for the first time at East Finchley Library, 226 High Road, N2 until 31 May.


Regular visitors to Church Farm House Museum will be saddened to learn of the death of John Lewis at Easter, while visiting his native Wales. Officially the caretaker of the Museum, John's talents made him an invaluable assistant to Gerrard Roots, the Curator. Visitors and exhibitors will remember him for his kindness and the care and interest he took both in the Farm House and the many exhibitions he helped to prepare and display.



At the moment restoration is under way at the house-cum-forge which has been donated to Herts. Building Preservation Trust by the daughter of the deceased blacksmith. The work may be of interest to students of building methods and restoration work.

It is hoped that after August 1990 there will be a museum/shop with a working blacksmith on the premises, so it would make an attractive autumn stop for HADAS members who are in the area. For further details apply to The Forge Curator and Project Officer, Margaret Kenny on 027 984 3301. 


The story of human settlement and activities in the area now covered by the London Borough of Barnet, from earliest times to the Battle of Barnet in 1471. Text, maps, photographs, drawings and index by members of HADAS. Price: £4,50 plus 50p postage & packing.

The book is selling well - if you haven't yet bought your copy contact Alan Lawson, 68 Oakwood Road, London, N.W.11 (telephone 458 3827).

A VIEW OF HENDON IF 1851 By Nell Penny

In 1851 Hendon was still the eight or nine distinguishable hamlets that it had been at least since the late sixteenth century. Of course there were more houses and more people in the parish in 1851 than in 1585, but the topography of the later parish was that of the earlier one. Because Hendon was a large parish, after 1660 it was administered in two halves, north and south. There was one vestry but duplicate unpaid officers looking after the poor, mending the roads and collecting national taxes. Even in the national census 1801-1851 'South End' was distinguishable from 'North End'. And always South End (Brent Street, Church Lane, the Burroughs, Church End, Golders Green, Childs Hill and that part of the eastern side of the Edgware Road between Cricklewood and Redhill), had more houses, more inhabitants and a higher rateable value than North End which consisted of Mill Hill, Highwood Hill, Page Street, the Hale and Orange Hill. This was the result of better soils for supporting mixed farming - wheat and hay for the expanding London market. After 1800, the proximity of London led to the rapid growth of South End, particularly after the Edgware Road was 'piked' and the new Finchley Road built to Finchley parish. Before 1800 there had been a handful of 'big' houses whose householders preferred the salubrious 'Northern Heights' to the foetid streets of the City and Mayfair, As the roads improved, the merchants and small manufacturers began to commute to work in London from the handsome villas.

I collected the occupations of all householders revealed to the enumerators in 1851 because I was interested in the changing economic and social structure of the parish. I made rough divisions based an probable incomes:-

Labouring folk - on fares, roads, brickfields and at the wash tub. All these were at the bottom of the income pyramid.

Service industries - servants not living in and gardeners, of whom there were 29 in South End and 141 in North End. Because every villa cannot have maintained a kitchen garden, greenhouses, "a vinery and a pinery", I suspect some of those gardeners ought to have said they were odd Job men. Transport was a growing industry so there were coachmen, omnibus drivers, ostlers and innkeepers.

Craftsmen and shopkeepers. There were more carpenters than tailors and plumbers- Mill Hill had more shops than its population would seem to justify - perhaps the influence if the 'carriage trade'!

Farmers and farm baliffs.There were more farms in North End, but they averaged smaller acreages than those in South End.

e) Professional classes- doctors, solicitors, schoolmasters and 'rentiers'

f) `Administrative' workers- a very small group, ranging from postman and policeman to a commissioner in bankruptcy.

Should one gentleman in the Hale who admitted that he was living in the house with his wife and daughters but refused any further information be given a class to himself?

workers living in a house, the classes of labourers would have been even more prominent than I have shown. Lady Raffles in North End had eight indoor servants; a labourer living on Edgware Road housed two farm labourer sons and three labouring lodgers.

The graphs below show that there were more poor agricultural and general labourers in North End and that South End's service industries reflect the growing importance of Hendon as a suburb of London. 


A recent visit reported by Ted Sammes

Late March is too early for Stately Hones to be open bur with the glorious weather we have been having, the scenery was an ample reward was particularly fortunate after visiting the a Prehistoric Society friend at Cristantine Bay to find a dig in full progress at Tintagel Church. This is part of a long-term investigation into the early history of Tintagel, which is a joint project between the Institute of Cornish Studies, Exeter University and the Cornwall Archaeological Unit.

Whilst the Parish Church dates from only 1120 AD, the area- and especially that of the nearby 13th century castle - was the site of a 5th-6th century Dark Age citadel.

At the time of my visit, one of five mounds in the churchyard was being re-excavated. This mound was partly dug into by a former vicar and some RAF helpers in 1942, who found two slate-lined graves lying east-west and a small chamber of slates higher in the mound. The current excavation should confirm or deny what was found and will also act as "training" for further excavation.

Later in the year an excavation will be carried out in the castle area. It was nice to find that visitors are welcomed and generally encouraged. 


Ian Robertson who was until recently the Curator of the Passmore Edwards Museum, directed HADAS's first dig at Church end Farm, Hendon in 1961/2 and 1964/5.

The present Curator, Valerie Bott,issued a Press Release in April expressing the extreme concern of the Govenors of the Museum over the the serious cuts in its budget and the closure of the main museum. Seven posts have been cut and further savings must be considered, as well as ways of making additional income, as the result of the difficulties which Newham Council, the main funding body of the museum, now faces. "The most serious blow of all is the freezing of funding for the new natural sciences gallery in the Romford Road Museum. Two year's research, planning and careful script-writing and design work has been halted in its tracks because the promised £100,000 has been frozen by Newham Council. The gallery is stripped out and is now unusable. The Museum has been closed virtually by accident."

Future use of the 90-year old museum will be considered by the Governors at their next meeting, but unless funding can be found from elsewhere the museum will not be able to re-open with new permanent displays.


Guided walk on Sunday 6 May

Arranged by the Friends of The London Museum of Jewish Life. "Russian Jewish Immigrants in East London" Walk led by Professor William Fishman. Meet outside Whitechapel Art Gallery, Whitechapel Road, E.1 (next to Aldgate East station, District Line) at 11.00am. Cost: Friends £2.50; Guests £3.50 Children under 13 free. Advance booking essential Phone 349 1143.

Lecture and walking tour on Sunday 20 May

"ROMAN. LONDON - CITY OF THE EMPEROR?" at Museum of London.

Arranged by Current Archaeology and Cultural Heritage & Citysights


Chairman - Professor John Wilkes Institute of Archaeology


Lecture by Andrew Selkirk Editor of Current. Archaeology

11.00 Coffee

11.40 FORUM - each member of the panel will assess London as an Imperial city on the basis of their own research. Panel includes Hugh Chapman General       Secretary,  Society of Antiquaries; John Maloney Chief Excavations Officer, Dept. of Urban Archaeology, Museum of London; Ralph Merrifield Deputy Director (Retired), Museum of London (and of course our President Harvey Sheldon Archaeology Officer for Greater London, Museum of London.

1.00 Lunch

2.15 Walking Tours guided by staff of Citysights. 4.15 Tour ends around Tower Hill Underground Station.

Cost: £11 including morning coffee. Please enclose full remittance (cheque/postal order made payable to CITYSIGHTS), and your name, address and 'phone no. to CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGY EVENTS, 213 Brooke Road, ES 8AB

Other Current Archaeology events arranged for this year include study tours : VILLAGES IN THE LANDSCAPE - SETTLEMENT & DESERTION (13-16 July); ANCIENT ROME (8 day tour, 27 May - 3 June); CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGY IN SOUTHERN BRITAIN (24-27 August); HADRIAN'S WALL - ROME'S NORTHERN FRONTIER (9-10 September).

For further details write to the address given above or phone 805 4325 for a brochure.

Coach outing on Sunday 10 June

Arranged by the Friends of The London. Museum of Jewish Life, "Jewish Life in Rent" tour led by David Jacobs, visiting Chatham, Sheerness and Canterbury. Coach leaves the Sternberg Centre, 80 East End Road, N3 at 9.30am (arrive back around 6.00pm). Cost: £10; OAPs, students and unemployed £7.50; children under 13, £5. Advance booking essential Phone the Museum on 349 1143.

The Roman Painted House at Dover

Now open daily, except Mondays, from 10am - 5pm until the end of October. Admission £1.00, Children & OAPs 50p 


We have just received information that a community festival will be held in July, involving local groups, schools, churches and societies. Events planned planned include a pageant "Cricklewood Through the Ages" and a grand firework display. The Festival Chairman is Malcolm Stern (458 2233) and we hope to have more details for the next Newsletter.


Suggestions are needed for new books to be purchased for our library to replace those lost in the fire at Avenue House, Finchley. Members' suggestions should be sent to Brian Wrigley, 21 Woodcroft Avenue,NW7.